ENVIRONMENTAL RELEASE REGULATIONS
These regulations were published in August2011 and cover activities involving release of GMOs into the environment; placing on the market and during commercialization.
The objective of these:
regulations is to ensure that potential adverse effects of genetically modified organisms are addressed so as to protect human health and the environment when conducting environmental release- availing GM products for use by the public.
These regulations have been put in place in preparation for GMO commercial release.
IMPORT,EXPORT AND TRANSIT REGULATIONS
These regulations were published in August 2011 with the aim of ensuring safe movement of genetically modified organisms into, across and out of Kenya while protecting human health and the environment.
They provide clear procedures
on importation, exportation and transportation of GMOs and guidelines on measures to undertake in case of inadvertent release of the products into the environment while on transit.
The regulations require any person(s) involved in GMO import for consumptions o research; GMO export to any country and GMO transit from one country to another through Kenya to seek approval from the National Biosafety Authority.
CONTAINED USE REGULATIONS
These regulations were published in August 2011 to guide activities involving GMOs under containment and confinement and are applied during research on GMOs while still in laboratory, greenhouse, growth chamber and confined field trials.
They also provide details,
procedures and regulations of Institutional Biosafety Committees, application for contained use and registration of decisions in the National Biosafety Clearing House- an internet platform for sharing information on GMOs. The objective of these Regulations is to ensure that potential adverse effects of genetically modified organisms are addressed to protect human health and the environment when conducting research.
A person shall not undertake research on GMOs without prior written approval from the Authority.
The objectives of these Regulations are to ensure that consumers are made aware that the food, feed or product is genetically modified so that they can make informed choices and also to facilitate the traceability of products to assist in the implementation of appropriate risk management measures where necessary.
The Regulations seek to facilitate accurate labeling, monitoring of the effects on the environment and where appropriate, on health, and the implementation of the appropriate risk management measures including withdrawal of products from the market.
The Regulations shall not apply to: food, feed or their ingredients containing approved genetically modified organisms and derived products where there is inadvertent presence of genetically modified material in proportions of less than 1% of the total weight, highly refined food, where the effect of the refining process is to remove novel DNA and/or novel protein; a processing aid or food additive, except where novel DNA and/or novel protein from the processing aid or food additive remains present in the food to which it has been added above the threshold level and food intended for consumption prepared and sold from food premises and vendors